Increased Reliability of the Mining Plan


The Collahuasi mine is a large copper mine located at high altitude in the north of Chile in the Tarapacá Region. Collahuasi mine represents one of the largest copper reserves in the world and is operated by a joint venture between Anglo American (44%), Glencore (44%) and Japan Collahuasi Resources (12%). The mine management team at Collahuasi wanted to improve its short-term mining plan reliability from 2018. In particular, they required a method to model the variability of the loading and hauling process to deliver more accurate plans. In addition, the mine management wanted to identify alternatives to the plan that would add greater value to the operation.


The Collahuasi short-term planning team implemented a simulation step to all the short- term plans  to assess the reliability and to identify improvement opportunities. The simulations were carried out using TIMining Orchestra, which is a fit-for-purpose loading and hauling simulation software. The methodology was as follows:

  1. TIMining Orchestra was automatically connected to the Fleet Management System database.
  2. Historical data analyses of the loading and hauling process was carried out to create the inputs for the simulation models.
  3. Simulation models were created using real data from the operation.
  4. Short-term plans i.e. weekly and monthly, were simulated and alternatives were assessed to identify performance gaps and risk mitigation.
  5. The models are continuously being updated and the mining plans are undergoing rigorous assessment in order to verify their reliability, find alternatives and optimisations.


Today, the Collahuasi short-term mining plans have become more accurate by using simulations. The short-term planning team can estimate the accomplishment of the mining plan with a deviation of under 2%.

Additional benefits include:

  1. Identify and implement better alternatives for dumping locations.
  2. Identify alternatives for faster hauling routes and cycle time reductions.
  3. Assess different strategies for fleet allocation and major equipment maintenance.
  4. Update inputs for the long-term plan.
  5. Quantify the impact of geotechnical events on the operation.


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